Section 5 Assessment, p. 60
1) Key Terms
2) How did the worship of only one god shape Judaism?
A) The ancient Israelites were the only people at the time to worship only one god.
3) Which events recorded in the Torah reflect the Israelite belief that God had a plan for the people of Israel?
A) The belief that God had a plan of the people of Israel is reflected in the following events: God establishing the covenant with Abraham and renewing it with Moses, and Moses leading the Israelites into Canaan, their “promised land.”
4) At which points in its early history was Israel unified, divided, or ruled by outsiders?
A) Israel was unified under the rule of David and Solomon, divided for 200 years after Solomon’s death, and ruled by outsiders for about 300 years after that.
5) What types of laws does Judaism uphold?
A) Religious laws and laws of conduct
36) Why did the Israelites migrate to Egypt?
A) Because of a famine.
37) How did they finally reach their “promised land,” Canaan?
A) Moses led them on an exodus out of Egypt and into Canaan.
38) What is the importance of law and morality to Judaism?
39) What distinct characteristics did the early civilizations and empires of the Middle East and Egypt develop?
A) Distinct religions, governmental structures, social structures, and innovations
38) Torah – the most sacred text of the Hebrew Bible, including its first five books
39) Abraham – God led him to Canaan; considered the father of Judaism
40) Covenant – a binding agreement; specifically, in the Jewish tradition, the binding agreement God made with Abraham
41) Moses – God renewed his covenant with Moses and Moses led the Hebrews from Egypt to the “promised land”
42) David – 2nd worldly king of the Jews; united tribes into one kingdom
43) Solomon – 3rd worldly king of the Jews; built the temple at Jerusalem; due to high taxes and forced labor for his building projects, revolts split the kingdom into Israel in the north and Judah to the south
44) Patriarchal – relating to society in which men hold the greatest legal and moral authority
45) Sabbath – a holy day of rest and worship
46) Prophet – spiritual leader who interprets God’s will
47) Ethics – moral standards of behavior
48) Diaspora – the spreading of the Jews beyond their historic homeland