Clash of Cultures
Honors US History I
Unit 1 Documents
All students should read the following documents using the Chrome Books:
“Of the Nature & manners of the people” by Sir Thomas Hariot http://www.nps.gov/fora/forteachers/the-third-and-last-part.htm
“America Lost & Found” National Geographic www.ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2007/05/htm
Among the English accounts of the New World, Hariot's Brief and True Report gains distinction from its association with the famous "Lost Colony" at Roanoke Island, a mystery which paradoxically helped to give later colonists, and citizens of the American republic, a way of engaging imaginatively with wilderness. A landscape haunted by English ghosts is, after all, a landscape that ghost-loving English men and women can connect with.
- Hariot's Brief and True Report may read like a grocery list of cultural traits for the Native Americans near the Roanoke Island fort, but observation of another culture is always an act of selection. What customs, cultural practices, and technologies does he select and emphasize? Why would these especially interest him and his implied audience?
- Hariot describes a Native American belief which provokes "wonderful admiration" in the European visitors: "There could at no time happen any strange sickness, losses, hurts, or any other cross unto them, but that they would impute to us the cause or means thereof, for offending or not pleasing us." Harriot finds it strange, in other words, that the native peoples would seek supernatural explanations for all sorts of natural misfortunes. Were the European colonists themselves free of such beliefs? Think about historical narratives of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
- By carefully reading the part of A Brief and True Report furnished and comparing the cultures of the Natives to that of the English, why do you think there will be a clash of cultures? Use information from Question #2.
1) You should answer all three of the above questions with as much clarity and understanding as possible. The answers to the questions should not be less than a well-constructed paragraph with no less than 8 sentences, correct punctuation, and thought.
2) Any answer put forth must be supported with evidence from A Brief and True Report by Sir Thomas Hariot by using quotes.
Answer the following questions as you read America Lost and Found article from National Geographic:
1) What was the first successful English Colony in North America?
2) List the two things John Rolfe is best remembered for?
3) What was the phrase in Rolfe’s day to mean someone was smoking tobacco?
4) What was the name of the European creature unleashed into the forest of North America that caused the forests to become open and dry?
5) What is the name of the single landmass known as that once existed?
6) According to the article you rad, what is the most important event in the history of life since the death of the dinosaurs?
7) What was the largest domesticated animal known to the Natives of North America?
8) What was the name of the group of venture capitalists that planned the new colony in Virginia as a private enterprise in 1606?
9) The Company instructed their colonists to settle 100 miles upriver to protect them from ______________________________ and not to offend the _________________________.
10) What was the name of the Englishmen who took control of Jamestown and temporarily improved the food and work situation?
11) Powhatan belied that he invasion of the English would end in what way?
12) The article stated that ____________________________ had devastated most Native groups in North America.
13) Natives’ cleared areas were used by the English in a constant state of agriculture. How?
14) The most destructive domesticated animal brought to North America by the English was the _____________________. The Natives had to compete with this creature for food.
15) What was the creature that the first sign of it in an area was reason for sadness and consternation in the Natives mind?
16) The first ___________________________ in English America was celebrated at _____________________________________ in 1619.
17) According to the article, which disease was responsible for decimating the populations of Natives and English in colonial America?